General background information of deforestation

Natural fires in tropical forests tend to be rare but intense.

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Human-lit fires are commonly used to clear land for agricultural use. First, valuable timber is harvested, then the remaining vegetation is burned to make way for crops like soy or cattle grazing.

Causes of Deforestation

In , the number of human-lit fires in Brazil skyrocketed. Many forests are cleared to make way for palm oil plantations. Palm oil is the most commonly produced vegetable oil and is found in half of all supermarket products. It's cheap, versatile and can be added to both food and personal products like lipsticks and shampoo.

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Its popularity has spurred people to clear tropical forests to grow more palm trees. Growing the trees that produce the oil requires the leveling of native forest and the destruction of local peatlands — which doubles the harmful effect on the ecosystem. Forests can be found from the tropics to high-latitude areas. Forests provide more than a home for a diverse collection of living things; they are also an important resource for many around the world.

In countries like Uganda, people rely on trees for firewood, timber and charcoal. Families send children — primarily girls — to collect firewood, and kids have to trek farther and farther to get to the trees. Collecting enough wood often takes all day, so the children miss school. The UN's State of the World's Forests report found that over half the global population relies on forested watersheds for their drinking water as well as water used for agriculture and industry.

International Day of Forests 2019 - Deforestation facts and information - FB TV

Deforestation in tropical regions can also affect the way water vapor is produced over the canopy, which causes reduced rainfall. A study published in the journal Ecohydrology showed that parts of the Amazon rainforest that were converted to agricultural land had higher soil and air temperatures, which can exacerbate drought conditions.

Cutting down on trees leads to clearance of forests and so soil erosion occurs. Nutrients evaporate and it affects the bacteria that help to break down organic matter. Due to this, rain washes the soil surfaces and erosion takes place. Large amounts of soil wash into local streams and rivers and cause damage to hydroelectric structures and irrigation infrastructure. Deforestation alters land and so that many of the plants and animals do not survive. With more deforestation, the entire species can extinct.

Many wonderful species of plants and animals have been lost, and many others remain endangered. As each species of an ecosystem rely upon other species, loss of one species can have far-reaching consequences for other species. We lose about 50 to species of animals each day due to the destruction of their habitats.

Millions of plants and animal species are on the verge of extinction due to deforestation.

Effects of Deforestation

Deforestation leads to land erosion because the trees maintain the surface of the mountains. The water level of the rivers increases suddenly, causing floods. When it rains, trees absorb and store a large amount of water with the help of their roots. Trees play a vital role in protecting our environment in several ways so we should protect the forest:. This is really very informative and educative, thanks a lot for the step by step guidance, and the example. Suggested videos.

Deforestation facts and information

Forest as a Habitat. Structure of a Forest. Deforestation and its Effects.

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Share with friends. Customize your course in 30 seconds Which class are you in? This comment form is under antispam protection. Consequently, decisions made by government are neither well understood nor widely supported at the local level. Though it is true that analogous causes of deforestation and forest degradation exist across the four pilot sites, effective solutions need to be developed with a site-specific approach.

Accordingly, implementation strategies were developed for each site following in-depth consultation with various stakeholders. Cumulatively, the project initiated the development of concrete forest rehabilitation strategies and raised awareness about matters related to land degradation while encouraging active stakeholder participation in discussions and planning initiatives.

Strategies for implementation of REDDES activities While similar problems causing deforestation and degradation of forests can be identified among the pilot sites and therefore regrouped as common problems, solutions have to be developed site-by-site in order to be effective.

Reasons forests are destroyed

Therefore the following local REDDES strategies have been identified during intensive consultations with different local forest stakeholders including government officials, local communities, NGOs, and private sector representatives. In Cameroon , the REDDES strategies proposed and agreed upon by all stakeholders focus on the establishment of a participatory forest management system.

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This includes the development of a participatory forest management plan for regulating the exploitation of wood and NTFP and the protection of rare species, such as Baillonella toxisperma through the exclusion of these from exploitation, thus moving towards sustainable utilisation of the forest resources. Such a plan would apply the principles of FLEGT by installing check-points at the entrance of the forest to control poaching and illegal tree felling. Joint forest planning and implementation with communities would also enhance transparency as a measure against corruption.

In addition, agriculture production on small-holder farmland should be transformed to agro-forestry practices, thus integrating trees into the agriculture landscape. The stakeholder consultation process in Ghana resulted in the proposal of six main REDDES strategies and specific implementation activities to reverse deforestation and enhance tree cover and thus carbon stocks in the district.

Elements in the strategies include the promotion of community-based fire prevention and management; the establishment of plantations of indigenous species including Terminalia superba , Entandrophragma spp. In similar vein, the strategies proposed through consultations with stakeholders in Nigeria include awareness raising among the communities on environmental degradation and negative effects on human well-being; allocation of land for agro-forestry to facilitate participation of farmers; provision of farming inputs to farmers; promoting and facilitating communal forestry as well as supplying them with tree seedlings, while giving serious consideration to empowering local community and traditional rulers to protect the forest.